communities
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Climate change is now and will continue to significantly alter the environment of the Lower Mekong Basin (LMB). Extreme weather events like floods and droughts alongside subtle shifts in seasons—variations in length of wet and dry seasons and temperatures rises—impact livelihoods, health, natural environments, and the resulting welfare of millions of people living in the LMB.

Through partners, USAID Mekong ARCC Adaptation Initiatives will draw on the experiences, priorities, and ingenuity of local people at 5 sites in Thailand, Lao PDR, Vietnam, and Cambodia. The implementing partners—including IUCN Thailand, IUCN Lao PDR, AMDI/VNRC Vietnam, and WFP Cambodia—will provide them with science-based climate information that strengthens their ability to make informed decisions about the viability of their livelihood investments, in agriculture, livestock, fisheries and non-timber forest products (NTFPs), and actions they can take that reduce their vulnerability to climate change. (View the project's site maps)

Chiang Rai, Thailand

Analysis from USAID Mekong ARCC Climate Study:

  • Chiang Rai Province in Northern Thailand is projected to experience some of the largest relative increases in precipitation within the LMB with annual precipitation increasing by 9% to 18%.
  • Temperature increases will be moderate across the province (between 5% to 8%).

Site Summary:

  • Focus is on three villages in Pa Tueng Sub-District, Mae Chan District: Ban Loh Yo, Ban Hae Ko, and Ban Huai Kang Pla;
  • Working with communities to strengthen climate change resilience of livelihoods activities in agriculture, NTFPs, and animal husbandry; and
  • Key strategy is restoring/rehabilitating the integrity of forest and wetland ecosystems of critical importance to the natural resilience and adaptive capacity of NTFPs.

Implementing Partner: IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Thailand

Sakon Nakhon, Thailand

Analysis from USAID Mekong ARCC Climate Study:

  • Sakon Nakhon Province in Northeastern Thailand is projected to experience increases in annual rainfall of roughly 13%.
  • Annual temperature increase will be approximately 2°C.

Site Summary:

  • Focus is on Ban Kok Klang in Chan Pen Sub-District, Tao Ngoi District;
  • Local communities are experienced in natural forest planting of indigenous species that they harvest for food, medicine, housing, and firewood; and
  • Working with communities to strengthen climate change resilience of livelihoods activities related particularly to community forestry around rubber trees and NTFPs.

Implementing Partner: IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Thailand

Khammouan, Lao PDR                                                                 

Analysis from USAID Mekong ARCC Climate Study:

  • Khammouan Province is projected to experience some of the largest increases in precipitation within the LMB with annual precipitation increasing by 8% to 18% by 2050.
  • Temperature increases will be mostly moderate across the province (between 5% to 8%), except for a section in the northwest hills which will see increases in temperature up to16% (2°C increase).

Site Summary:

  • Focus is on two villages (Bans) and six subvillages (khoums) in Nakai District: Ban Kouane: composed of Khoum Kouane, Khoum Vanghin, and Khoum Kouane Sam and Ban Xong: composed of Khoum Xong, Khoum Yang and Khoum Donekeo;
  • Villages are located inside a controlled use zone of the Phou Hin Poun National Protected Area in narrow river valleys surrounded by limestone mountains;
  • Working with communities on adaptation options that strengthen their resilience through improved water management; and
  • Historical and on-going project emphasis on Gibbon Conservation Project.

Implementing Partner: IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Lao PDR

Kien Giang, Vietnam                                            

Analysis from USAID Mekong ARCC Climate Study:

  • Rises in sea levels may cause drastic changes in the depth and duration of flooding in Kien Giang. Under climate conditions during an average flood year over 400,000 hectares that was previously rarely or never flooded to a depth of 1.0 meter is projected to experience flooding of this depth for up to 121 days per year. The maximum flood depths during an average year may also increase due to climate change.  
  • Kien Giang Province is projected to experience relatively minor increases in annual precipitation by 5% to 8% and daily maximum temperature ranged between 5% to 10%. 

Site Summary:

  • Focus is on Thuan Hoa Commune in An Minh District, Kien Giang Province;
  • Located on the coastal plain of the Mekong Delta and particularly susceptible to sea level rise, very low elevation (0.2-0.4 meters above sea level);
  • Working with communities to improve the resilience to climate change of rice production, aquaculture (shrimp and clam), and NTFPs; and
  • Key strategy is incorporating disaster preparedness and risk reduction techniques into community planning.

Implementing Partner: AMDI (Asian Management and Development Institute) in consortium with VNRC (Vietnam Red Cross)

Kampong Thom, Cambodia

Analysis from USAID Mekong ARCC Climate Study:

  • Kampong Thom Province in Cambodia is projected to experience significantly higher temperatures, with average daily maximum values increasing from 31°C to 34°C.
  • The province will also see increasing rain during the already wet, rainy season (by over 100 mm), while dry seasons in this province will become drier.
  • Large storm events will become larger, and occur more frequently.

Site Summary:

  • Focus is on Chey Commune which is comprised of 6 villages—Koun Tnaot, Lvea, Ta Theav, Trapeang Areak, Mohor and Prey Tup.
  • Key commune livelihoods include rice production, cash crops, animal husbandry and some NTFP collection. This area also has a high rate of migration throughout the year.
  • Working with communities to strengthen climate change resilience through addressing water supply and management issues which significantly impact key livelihoods, health, and productivity of the community.

Implementing Partner: WFP (World Food Programme), Cambodia

Last update: 2015.03.06