COMMUNITIES
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Community Adaptation Initiatives in Sakon Nakhon, Thailand
Location: Sakon Nakhon, Thailand
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Implementing Partner: IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Thailand

Located in northeastern Thailand, adjacent to the highland plateau of the Phu Phan Hill, Sakon Nakhon Province is projected to experience increases in temperatures and precipitation that could threaten crops with heat stress, flooding or fungal diseases. USAID Mekong ARCC is working through IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Thailand to assist the Ban Kok Klang community in strengthening the resilience of their livelihood activities to these anticipated climate changes through adaptation planning.

Site Information

The Ban Kok Klang community is located in Sakhon Nakhon’s Tao Ngoi District, in the Nam Phung River Basin. The Nam Phung River connects the community to the Mekong River through the Nam Kam River Basin.

Ban Kok Klang has a population of approximately 1,143 people across 454 households. The community depends on the nearby forest, cattle husbandry, and on rubber plantations for subsistence and income generation. They also grow cassava, sugarcane, and rain-fed rice. Lowland rain-fed rice is the second largest crop in the province after sugarcane, with more than 280,000 hectares (ha) cultivated. (View site map)

Analysis of Climate Impacts in Sakon Nakhon Province from USAID Mekong ARCC’s Lower Mekong Basin Climate Study

  • There will be an estimated 2.0°C increase in annual mean temperature; the average daily maximum temperature will rise from about 33°C to 35°C.
  • During the wet season, daily maximum temperature will more frequently exceed 35°C.
  • Annual rainfall for a typical year will increase from around 1,300 mm/year to 1,470 mm/year, or about 170 mm more rainfall per year; an increase of 13%.
  • Large rainfall events (>100 mm/day) will increase in frequency and intensity, increasing the likelihood of flash flooding.

Projected Climate Vulnerabilities on Key Livelihood and Food Security Options in Sakon Nakhon Province

  • Heat stress during the wet season could decrease yields of rain-fed rice; yet, increased precipitation could improve yields in the province.
  • Increased precipitation during growing season will increase the likelihood of flooding, waterlogging, and increased incidence of fungal disease and pests.
  • Heat stress will cause widespread rubber crop failure. 
  • Though sugarcane has a higher temperature tolerance, flooding may cause crop loss.
  • Heat stress impacts fodder availability and reproductive rates of cattle and buffalo while flood events increase the spread of disease resulting in herd loss.

Community Identified Adaptation Activities for Communities in Sakon Nakhon Province

  • Improved water supply management through installation of water meters and establishment of water management committee;
  • Strengthened management of local NTFP harvesting through establishment of community forest management committee;
  • Diversification of vegetable, fruit and commercial crops to build income resilience by reducing reliance on monoculture, and increasing food security;
  • Provision of more heat resilient native black pigs, and technical assistance on livestock rearing and improved pig pen design and construction to prepare for changes in climate that will impact productivity of local breeds; and
  • Waste management and reduced reliance on chemical fertilizers to increase the fertility of soils, and strengthen the resilience of the agro-ecological farming system in the village.

Additional Stakeholder Engagement

  • Sub-district Administration Organization (TAO)
  • Provincial Administrative Organization
  • Internal Security Operations Command (ISOC)
  • Sakon Nakhon Rajabhat University
  • Department of Agriculture Extension
  • Community Development Department

 

Learn more:

Last update: 15.05.2015

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