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Agriculture Sector Vulnerability Report
11 February 2014
Author: USAID Mekong ARCC Study Team (Agriculture Theme)

This agriculture sector vulnerability report provides a detailed summary of the issues and trends of climate change by ecozone.

Agriculture, a key sector of the economy within the LMB, is highly dependent on climate and especially on rainfall frequency and distribution. With more than 1,000 mm of rainfall per year in the Lower Mekong Basin, water shortage is not the primary constraint for agriculture. Instead, it is the unpredictability and variability of rainfall distribution during the rainy season that can lead to drought, water stress, and low yields.


Understanding the impact of climate change on agriculture production at the basin scale is a complex task due to the diversity of production systems, lack of data, and multiple external drivers influencing growth in the sector in addition to climate factors. As agriculture in the region is mostly rainfed, changes in climate and especially rainfall patterns will likely affect the agriculture sector through higher risk of crop failures and changes in crop suitability and crop productivity for certain geographical areas.

About Sector Analysis Reports

Sector analysis reports were prepared to describe anticipated climate change impacts on key livelihood sectors of the LMB, including agriculture, capture fisheries and aquaculture, livestock, and non-timber forest products, as well as on protected areas and socio-economics. These reports served as important references and contributed substantively to the analysis and results of the Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study for the Lower Mekong Basin released in 2014.

Agriculture Report (PDF, 4.75 MB)