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Priority Province Summaries
11 February 2014
Author: Mekong ARCC Study Team

An important output of the USAID Mekong ARCC Climate Study is the identification of climate change hotspots. By determining the ranges where temperature, rainfall, and soil characteristics at specific geographic locations create conditions that transform ecosystems and alter productivity of crops, livestock, and aquatic systems, a better understanding is gained of how climate change will impact community livelihood and subsistence options.

The "hotspot" approach integrates and orients study findings and provides a scientific basis for the selection of focal areas for the community adaptation initiatives to be undertaken by USAID Mekong ARCC. The study team identified a subset of eight priority hotspot provinces that:

  1. are representative of the ecosystems found across the LMB;
  2. contain a mix of staple and commercial crops, fisheries, and livestock that are common throughout the basin;
  3. are projected to experience the greatest relative increase in average temperature, rainfall, or sea level rise; and
  4. where such shifts would significantly impact a number of important livelihood/subsistence options for communities.

The selected hotspots, therefore, share common traits with other provinces in the LMB, which allows for replication and learning based on the new approaches to adapting generating from USAID Mekong ARCC field programs.

Priority province summaries contain brief, concise details on specific climate impacts anticipated for 8 hotspot provinces identified by the Climate Change Impact and Adaptation Study for the Lower Mekong Basin and the resultant livelihood vulnerabilities. In 5 of these provinces (which are Chiang Rai and Sakon Nakhon in Thailand, Khammouan and Champasak in Lao PDR, and Kien Giang in Vietnam), USAID Mekong ARCC will implement Ecosystem and Community-based Adaptation Initiatives through partners to provide local people with climate information that strengthens their ability to make informed decisions about the viability of their livelihood investments, in agriculture, livestock, fisheries and non-timber forest products (NTFPs), and actions they can take that reduce their vulnerability to climate change.

Priority province summaries include:

Further information on climate change impacts and vulnerabilities in the Lower Mekong Basin is available on the Resources page

More information of field implementation with vulnerable communities is available onthe Communities Page.


Last update: 04.03.2014